# O'Callaghan 2007

Notes on OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf.

This work puts forth the idea that sounds are events where a vibrating body interacts with a medium. This is in contrast to conceptions which state that sounds are qualities or groups of waves, and justifies our perception that sounds are located at their sources as not just an illusion.

These notes were all made while the original sonic proposal ("sounds exist in the interactions between vibrational fields and sonic ontologies") was still under focus, and as such, will make reference to it fairly frequently.

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%%PREFIX%%s, clicks, chirps, and rustles.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==It might surprise some that I do not address, at length, the phenomenon of speech perception. Speech is a complex, vexed topic that deserves its own book-length philosophical treatment. Furthermore, it is not immediately evident either how speech sounds bear upon the metaphysics of ordinary sounds or how per­ceiving speech impacts our account of the perception of ordinary environmental sounds.== %%POSTFIX%%Speech perception, and, in part
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distinction between ontologies of voice & of other sound? not all vocality is speech...
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^96qtb8rtuiw

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:25:22.062Z","text":"Sonic realism as given here seems to counter the research proposition—can it be rephrased and incorporated? can it be refuted?","updated":"2022-03-16T22:25:22.062Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":6788,"end":6921},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"If sounds are mysterious, ethereal, or mental artifacts, it is in fact difficult to grasp why it might be so useful to perceive them.","prefix":"acets of what we aim to explain.","suffix":" Tak­ing sounds seriously does n"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%acets of what we aim to explain.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==If sounds are mysterious, ethereal, or mental artifacts, it is in fact difficult to grasp why it might be so useful to perceive them.== %%POSTFIX%%Tak­ing sounds seriously does n
%%COMMENT%%
Sonic realism as given here seems to counter the research proposition—can it be rephrased and incorporated? can it be refuted?
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^wn6t4b8amb

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:32:39.119Z","text":"okay this is almost exactly the core proposition. damn it","updated":"2022-03-16T22:32:39.119Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":12285,"end":12536},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"The motion, which produces in us the perception of sound, is a vibration of the air, caused by an exceeding short, but quick, tremulous motion of the body, from which it is propagated; and therefore we con­sider and denominate them as bodies sounding.","prefix":"part, it be nothing but motion. ","suffix":"3 (Locke 1823: III, 326)3. Thank"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%part, it be nothing but motion.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==The motion, which produces in us the perception of sound, is a vibration of the air, caused by an exceeding short, but quick, tremulous motion of the body, from which it is propagated; and therefore we con­sider and denominate them as bodies sounding.== %%POSTFIX%%3 (Locke 1823: III, 326)3. Thank
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okay this is almost exactly the core proposition. damn it
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^z8u5zpd78ro

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:33:14.493Z","updated":"2022-03-16T22:33:14.493Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":18889,"end":18920},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"Sounds are audible particulars.","prefix":"nstitutes awareness of a sound. ","suffix":"One might object that what resea"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%nstitutes awareness of a sound.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==Sounds are audible particulars.== %%POSTFIX%%One might object that what resea
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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:35:41.078Z","text":"how might an account of *vibrations* (possibly per [[Eidsheim 2015]]) differ from an account of *waves*?","updated":"2022-03-16T22:35:41.078Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":33619,"end":33845},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"the science-inspired modelof sounds as waves, like the traditional philosophical model of sounds as properties, qualities, or attributes, has important shortcomings that make it unsuitable as a philosophical account of sounds.","prefix":"e will see in the next chapter, ","suffix":"It is a strength of the wave vie"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%e will see in the next chapter,%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==the science-inspired modelof sounds as waves, like the traditional philosophical model of sounds as properties, qualities, or attributes, has important shortcomings that make it unsuitable as a philosophical account of sounds.== %%POSTFIX%%It is a strength of the wave vie
%%COMMENT%%
how might an account of vibrations (possibly per Eidsheim 2015) differ from an account of waves?
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^2nto1xnnxso

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:36:43.181Z","text":"Objection: The possibility of perceiving a sound propagates with apparent and finite speed from its source.\nPossible resolution: so does light, but we don't say that \"seeings\" travel","updated":"2022-03-16T22:36:43.181Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":38101,"end":38304},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"If the phenomenological claim is correct, and if auditory experience is not systematically illusory with respect to the locations of its objects, then sounds do not travel through the surrounding medium.","prefix":"IONS OF SOUNDS 43true location. ","suffix":" If sounds do not propagate or t"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%IONS OF SOUNDS 43true location.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==If the phenomenological claim is correct, and if auditory experience is not systematically illusory with respect to the locations of its objects, then sounds do not travel through the surrounding medium.== %%POSTFIX%%If sounds do not propagate or t
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Objection: The possibility of perceiving a sound propagates with apparent and finite speed from its source.
Possible resolution: so does light, but we don't say that "seeings" travel
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^d0vnpvcnr76

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:38:32.303Z","text":"Vibrational fields might solve this, weirdly? The sound is the thing that exists where the vibrational field hits the framework—but then the sound isn't at its source. \nVIBRATIONAL EVENTS. \nDoes [[Dodd 2007|Dodd's sonicism]] require a non-wave sound view??","updated":"2022-03-16T22:38:32.303Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":44822,"end":45203},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"The other important consequence is that our ways of percep­tually individuating and tracking sounds through time are wildly misguided. If sounds persist and travel in the manner of the waves, then our perceptually based estimates of the lifetimes and survival conditions of sounds all are incorrect because the waves may con­tinue to exist long after the sound has seemed to cease.","prefix":" MAot 04 heVDTRATONALEVE7,46 THI","suffix":" It is simply a mistake accordin"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%MAot 04 heVDTRATONALEVE7,46 THI%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==The other important consequence is that our ways of percep­tually individuating and tracking sounds through time are wildly misguided. If sounds persist and travel in the manner of the waves, then our perceptually based estimates of the lifetimes and survival conditions of sounds all are incorrect because the waves may con­tinue to exist long after the sound has seemed to cease.== %%POSTFIX%%It is simply a mistake accordin
%%COMMENT%%
Vibrational fields might solve this, weirdly? The sound is the thing that exists where the vibrational field hits the framework—but then the sound isn't at its source.
VIBRATIONAL EVENTS.
Does Dodd's sonicism require a non-wave sound view??
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^wp2raokqrc7

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:42:01.830Z","updated":"2022-03-16T22:42:01.830Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":48950,"end":49001},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"Casati and Dokic (1994, pub­lished in French; 2005)","prefix":" sounds occur even in a vacuum. ","suffix":" claim that sounds are events co"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%sounds occur even in a vacuum.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==Casati and Dokic (1994, pub­lished in French; 2005)== %%POSTFIX%%claim that sounds are events co
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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:42:35.759Z","text":"reconciliation by sound events as portions of vib. events??","updated":"2022-03-16T22:42:35.759Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":56054,"end":56191},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"since sounds do not travel through the medium but remain stationary relative to their sources, the sound does not travel as do the waves.","prefix":"ions and rarefactions. However, ","suffix":" Since sound waves that reach th"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%ions and rarefactions. However,%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==since sounds do not travel through the medium but remain stationary relative to their sources, the sound does not travel as do the waves.== %%POSTFIX%%Since sound waves that reach th
%%COMMENT%%
reconciliation by sound events as portions of vib. events??
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^zz3xkqnqcv

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{"created":"2022-03-16T22:43:59.893Z","text":"\"mild vocal chord damage\" !!! voice!","updated":"2022-03-16T22:43:59.893Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","target":[{"source":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf","selector":[{"type":"TextPositionSelector","start":64381,"end":64504},{"type":"TextQuoteSelector","exact":"The timbre of a sound is constant across changes to frequency, intensity, attack, decay, and even mild vocal chord damage. ","prefix":" and even mild plastic surgery. ","suffix":"This suggests that the timbre qu"}]}]}


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%%PREFIX%%and even mild plastic surgery.%%HIGHLIGHT%% ==The timbre of a sound is constant across changes to frequency, intensity, attack, decay, and even mild vocal chord damage.== %%POSTFIX%%This suggests that the timbre qu
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"mild vocal chord damage" !!! voice!
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^4gcd7rd534x

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{"text":"at this point (thinking with [[Eidsheim 2019]]) I'm starting to wonder what makes voice so special. is the voice different from the sound of the voice?","created":"2022-03-16T22:44:46.308Z","updated":"2022-03-16T22:44:46.308Z","document":{"title":"Unknown Title","link":[{"href":"urn:x-pdf:329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},{"href":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}],"documentFingerprint":"329dc8b4f04cbbbb8184980a860eb7e6"},"uri":"vault:/PDFs/OCallaghan (2007) Sounds.pdf"}


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